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Re: GPAT exam eligibility?
As you want to apply for GPAT exam for that you want to get information about eligibility and syllabus of this exam so here I am giving you same:
Applicants must be a citizen of India.
Candidate must have passed high school and intermediate examination from a recognized board.
Candidate must have completed graduation in Pharmacy.
Candidate pursuing last year of undergraduate pharmacy course are also eligible to apply for the entrance exam.
GPAT exam will be a computer based test.
The duration of GPAT Exam will be 3 hours and the total number of questions will be 125 multiple choice questions.
For each correct response the student will be awarded 4 marks and for each wrong response 1 mark will be deducted.
Introduction to Physical pharmacy
Matter, Properties of Matter:
State of matter, change in the state of matter, latent heats and vapor pressure, sublimationcritical point, Eutectic mixtures, gases, aerosols-inhalers, relative humidity, liquid. Complexes,
liquid crystals, glassy state, solids- crystalline, amorphous and polymorphism.
Micromeretics and Powder Rheology:
Particle size and distribution, average particle size, number and weight distribution, particle number, methods for determining particle volume, methods of determining particle size- optical microscopy, sieving, sedimentation; measurements of particle shape, specific surface area; methods for determining surface area; permeability, adsorption, derived properties of powders,
porosity, packing arrangement, densities, bulkiness & flow properties.
Surface and Interfacial Phenomenon:
Liquid interface, surface and interfacial tensions, surface free energy, measurement of surface and interfacial tensions, spreading coefficient, adsorption at liquid interfaces, surface active agents, HLB classification, solubilization, detergency, adsorption at solid interfaces, solid-gas and
solid-liquid interfaces, complex films, electrical properties of interface.
Viscosity and Rheology:
Newtonian systems, Law of flow, kinematic viscosity, effect of temperature; non-Newtonian systems: pseudoplastic, dilatant, plastic; thixotropy, thixotropy in formulation, negative
thixotropy, determination of viscosity, capillary, falling ball, rotational viscometers.
Colloidal dispersions: Definition, types, properties of colloids, protective colloids, applications of colloids in pharmacy; Suspensions and Emulsions: Interfacial properties of suspended particles, settling in suspensions, theory of sedimentation, effect of Brownian motion, sedimentation of flocculated particles, sedimentation
parameters, wetting of particles, controlled flocculation, flocculation in structured vehicles, rheological considerations; Emulsions-types, theories, physical stability.
Classification of complexes, methods of preparation, analysis, & applications.
Kinetics and Drug Stability:
General considerations & concepts, half-life determination, Influence of temperature, light,
solvent, catalytic species and other factors, Accelerated stability study, expiration dating.
Importance of microbiology in pharmacy
Structure of bacterial cell; Classification of microbes and their taxonomy:
Actinomycetes, bacteria, rickettsiae, spirochetes and viruses.
Identification of Microbes:
Stains and types of staining techniques, electron microscopy; Nutrition, cultivation, isolation of
bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, viruses, etc; microbial genetics and variation.
Control of microbes by physical and chemical methods:
Disinfection, factors influencing disinfectants, dynamics of disinfection, disinfectants and
antiseptics and their evaluation;.
Different methods, validation of sterilization methods &equipments; Sterility testing of all
pharmaceutical products. Microbial assays of antibiotics, vitamins & amino acids.
Immunology and Immunological Preparations:
Principles, antigens and heptans, immune system, cellular/humoral immunity, immunological tolerance, antigen-antibody reactions and their applications. Hypersensitivity, active and passive
immunization. Vaccines and sera: their preparation, standardization and storage.
Transformation, conjugation, transduction, protoplast fusion and gene cloning and their applications.Development of hybridoma for monoclonal antibodies. Study of drugs produced by
biotechnology such as Activase, Humulin, Humatrope, HB etc.
Historical development of antibiotics. Antimicrobial spectrum and methods used for their standardization. Screening of soil for organisms producing antibiotics, fermenter, its design, control of different parameters. Isolation of mutants, factors influencing rate of mutation. Design of fermentation process. Isolation of fermentation products with special reference to penicillins,
streptomycins, tetracyclines and vitamin B12. Introduction to pharmaceutical jurisprudence & ethics
A brief review; Drugs & Pharmaceutical Industry - A brief review; Pharmaceutical Education
An elaborate study of the followings:
Pharmaceutical Ethics; Pharmacy Act 1948; Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945;
Medicinal & Toilet Preparations (Excise Duties) Act 1955; Narcotic Drugs & Psychotropic
Substances Act 1985 & Rules; Drugs Price Control Order.
A brief study of the following Acts with special reference to the main provisions and the latest amendments:
Poisons Act 1919; Drugs and Magic Remedies (Objectionable Advertisements) Act 1954; Medical
Termination of Pregnancy Act 1970 & Rules 1975; Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1960; States Shops & Establishments Act & Rules; Insecticides Act 1968; AICTE Act 1987; Factories Act 1948; Minimum Wages Act 1948; Patents Act 1970.
A brief study of the various Prescription/Non-prescription Products. Medical/Surgical accessories,
diagnostic aids, appliances available in the market. Introduction to dispensing and community pharmacy
Handling of prescription, source of errors in prescription, care required in dispensing procedures including labeling of dispensed products. General dispensing procedures including labeling of dispensed products; Pharmaceutical calculations: Posology, calculation of doses for infants, adults and elderly patients; Enlarging and reducing recipes percentage solutions, alligation,
alcohol dilution, proof spirit, isotonic solutions, displacement value etc.
Principles involved and procedures adopted in dispensing of :
Typical prescriptions like mixtures, solutions, emulsions, creams, ointments, powders, capsules, pastes, jellies, suppositories, ophthalmic, pastilles, lozenges, pills, lotions, liniments, inhalations,
paints, sprays, tablet triturates, etc.
Physical and chemical incompatibilities, inorganic incompatibilities including incompatibilities of metals and their salts, non-metals, acids, alkalis, organic incompatibilities. Purine bases, alkaloids, pyrazolone derivatives, amino acids, quaternary ammonium compounds, carbohydrates, glycosides, anesthetics, dyes, surface active agents, correction of incompatibilities. Therapeutic
Organization and structure of retail and whole sale drug store-types of drug store and design, legal requirements for establishment, maintenance and drug store-dispensing of proprietary products, maintenance of records of retail and wholesale, patient counseling, role of pharmacist in community health care and education (First aid, communicable diseases, nutrition, family planning).
Organization and Structure of hospital pharmacy:
Organization of a hospital and hospital pharmacy, Responsibilities of a hospital pharmacist,
Pharmacy and therapeutic committee, Budget preparation and Implementation.
Contents, preparation and revision of hospital formulary.
Drug Store Management and Inventory Control:
Organization of drug store, Types of materials stocked, storage conditions; Purchase and
Inventory Control principles, purchase procedures, Purchase order, Procurement and stocking.
Drug distribution Systems in Hospitals:
Out-patient dispensing, methods adopted; Dispensing of drugs to in-patients. Types of drug distribution systems. Charging policy, labeling; Dispensing of drugs to ambulatory patients;
Dispensing of controlled drugs, Dispensing of ancillary supplies.
Central Sterile Supply Unit and their Management:
Types of materials for sterilization, Packing of materials prior to sterilization, sterilization
equipments, Supply of sterile materials.
Manufacture of Sterile and Non-sterile Products:
Policy making of manufacturable items, demand and costing, personnel requirements,
manufacturing practice, Master formula Card, production control, Manufacturing records.
Drug Information Services:
Sources' of Information on drugs, disease, treatment schedules, procurement of information, Computerized services (e.g., MEDLINE), Retrieval of information, Medication error- types of
medication errors, correction and reporting.
Records and Reports:
Prescription filling, drug profile, patient medication profile, cases on drug interaction and adverse reactions, idiosyncratic cases. Pharmacoeconomics: Introduction to pharmacoeconomics, different methods of pharmacoeconomics, application of pharmacoeconomics.
Pharmacoepidemiology: Definition and scope, method to conduct pharmacoepidemiological
studies, advantages & disadvantages of pharmacoepidemiological studies.
Methods of handling radioisotopes, radioisotope committee.
Importance of unit operations in manufacturing, Stoichiometry:
Material and energy balances, molecular units, mole fraction, tie substance, gas laws, mole volume, primary and secondary quantities, equilibrium state, rate process, steady and unsteady states, dimensionless equations, dimensionless formulae, dimensionless groups, different types of
graphic representation, mathematical problems.
Types of flow, Reynold's number, Viscosity, Concept of boundary layer, basic equations of fluid
flow, valves, flow meters, manometers and measurement of flow and pressure.
Concept of heat flow, applications of Fourier’s law, forced and natural convection, surface coefficients, boiling liquids, condensing vapors, heat exchangers, heat interchangers, radiation,
black body, Stefan Boltzmann equation, Kirchoff’s law.
Basic concept of phase equilibria, factor affecting evaporation, evaporators, film evaporators,
single effect and multiple effect evaporators, Mathematical problems on evaporation.
Roult's law, phase diagrams, volatility; simple steam and flash distillations, principles of rectification, Mc-Cabe Thiele method for calculations of number of theoretical plates, Azeotropic
and extractive distillation.
Moisture content and mechanism of drying, rate of drying and time of drying calculations; classification and types of dryers, dryers used in pharmaceutical industries and special drying
Definition, objectives of size reduction, mechanisms of size reduction, factors affecting size reduction, laws governing energy and power requirements of a mills including ball mill, hammer mill, fluid energy mill. Size separation: Different techniques of size separation, sieves, sieve
shakers, sedimentation tank, cyclone separators, bag fillers Etc.
Theory of mixing, solid-solid, solid-liquid and liquid-liquid mixing equipments.
Filtration and Centrifugation:
Theory of filtration, continuous and batch filters, filter aids, filter media, industrial filters including filter press, rotary filter, edge filter, Etc. Factors affecting filtration, filtration, optimum cleaning cycle in batch filters. Principles of centrifugation, industrial centrifugal filters,
and centrifugal sedimenters.
Characteristics of crystals like-purity, size, shape, geometry, habit, forms size and factors affecting them, Solubility curves and calculation of yields. Material and heat balances around
Swenson Walker Crystallizer. Supersaturation, theory and its limitations, Nucleation mechanisms,
crystal growth.Study of various types of Crystallizers, tanks, agitated batch, Swenson Walker,
Single vacuum, circulating magma and Krystal Crystallizer, Caking of crystals and its prevention.
Numerical problems on yields;
Dehumidification and Humidity Control:
Basic concepts and definition, wet bulb and adiabatic saturation temperatures, Hygrometric chart and measurement of humidity, application of humidity measurement in pharmacy, equipments for
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning:
Principle and applications of refrigeration and air conditioning;
Material of Construction :
General study of composition, corrosion, resistance, Properties and applications of the materials
of construction with special reference to stainless steel and glass.
Material Handling Systems:
Liquid handling - Different types of pumps, Gas handling-Various types of fans, blowers and
compressors, Solid handling-Bins, Bunkers, Conveyers, Air transport.
Corrosion: Classification, mechanism of corrosion, factors affecting, prevention and control.
Layout, utilities and services.
Industrial Hazards and Safety Precautions:
Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical, fire and dust hazards. Industrial dermatitis, Accident records
Automated Process Control Systems:
Process variables, temperature, pressure, flow, level and vacuum and their measurements; elements of automatic process control and introduction to automatic process control systems; elements of computer aided manufacturing (CAM). Reactors and fundamentals of reactors design
for chemical reactions. Dosages
For full syllabus here is the attachment......................
Re: GPAT Exam Eligibility
I will tell you the eligibility criteria to apply for Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) so that you can go through it easily.
Candidates with Bachelor’s degree in Pharmacy (4 years after 10+2, including lateral entry candidates) and candidates currently pursuing final year of B. Pharmacy course are ONLY eligible for appearing in GPAT-2016 Examination.
(Candidates pursuing 1st to 3rd year of B. Pharmacy are NOT ELIGIBLE to appear in GPAT-2016 Examination. Any inquiry in this regard will not be entertained.)
Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT) 2016 is a national level examination conducted by the All India Council for Technology Education (AICTE) offering admission in post-graduate pharmacy courses. It also awards fellowship/scholarships to pharmacy graduates. GPAT 2016 is a Computer Based Test.
The fee for General / OBC candidates appearing for GPAT is Rs.1400 + Bank charges as applicable; whereas for Female /SC/ST/PWD category candidates fee is Rs.700 + Bank charges as applicable.
There will be 125 questions.
The duration of test will be 180 minutes.
For each correct answer there are 4 marks, for each wrong answer 1 mark shall be deducted.
Ahmadabad, Gurgaon, Madurai, Rajahmundry, Allahabad, Guwahati, Mangalore, Rajkot, Amravati, Gwalior, Meerut, Ranchi, Amritsar, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Shimla, Aurangabad, Indore, Mysore, Srinagar, Bangalore, Jabalpur, Nagpur, Surat, Bareilly, Jaipur, Nanded, Thiruvananthapuram, Bhavnagar, Jammu, Nasik, Tirupati, Bhopal, Kanpur, Nellore, Udaipur, Bhubaneswar, Kochi, Noida, Vadodara, Chandigarh, Kolhapur, Panaji, Varanasi, Chennai, Kolkata, Patna, Vijayawada, Dehradun, Kozhikode, Pune, Visakhapatnam, Delhi, Kurnool, Raipur, Warangal, Gulbarga and Lucknow.
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