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Andhra University Distance Education B Tech |

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Re: Andhra University Distance Education B Tech
As per your request here I am providing you the syllabus of B.Tech civil engineering of Andhra University. Following are the courses available for science students: B.E. Civil Engineering B.E. Civil Environmental B.E. Mech. with Marine Engineering elective B.E. Mechanical Engineering B.E. Electronics and Communication Engineering B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering. B.Tech. Computer Science and Systems Engineering B.E. Metallurgical Engineering B.E. Marine Engineering B.E. Naval Architecture B.Tech. Instrumentation Engineering B.Tech. Chemical Engineering B.Tech. Geo-informatics B.Tech. Ceramic Technology B.Arch. B.Tech. Biotechnology Following are the branches available for engineering: Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Electronics & Communication Engineering Electrical & Electronics Engineering Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Please check the below attachment for syllabus of B.Tech civil engineering III year. Syllabus of B.Tech civil engineering III yearUNIT - I: Analysis of statically Indeterminate frames (single storey, single bay portal frames only) using (i) Slope – deflection method (ii ) Moment – distribution method (i) Kani’s method (iv) Column analogy method. UNIT – II: Arches: Normal thrust, Radial shear and bending moment in three hinged and two hinged parabolic and segmental arches. Effects of rib – shortening and temperature change. Tied arches and spandrel – braced arches. Influence lines for 3 hinged and 2 hinged arches. UNIT – III: Suspension Bridges: Stresses in loaded cables with supports at the same level and at different levels. Length of cable two-hinged stiffering girders – temperature effects. Influence lines for stiffering girders. UNIT – IV: Introduction to matrix methods of structural analysis (very elementary treatment only) flexibility and stiffness matrix force method and displacement method for two span continuous beams and 6 membered and 4 jointed trusses only UNIT – V: Shear centre and unsymmetrical bending -Bending axis and shear centre shear centre for sections having one axis of symmetry. Shear centre for any unsymmetrical section, stresses in beams subjected unsymmetrical bending. References: (i) Statically Indeterminate structures-C.K.Wang (ii) Theory of structures by S. Ramamrutham (iii) Theory of structures vol II- S.P. Gupta. G.S. Pandit, R. Gupta (iv) Advanced topics in strength of materials- Prof L.B. Shah and Dr. R.T. Shah. REFERENCES: (i) Statically Indeterminate structures - C.K. Wang (ii) Theory of structures - S. Ramamrutham (iii) Theory of structures vol II- S.P. Gupta. G.S. Pandit, R. Gupta Unit I – Viscous Effects on Fluid Motion A) Laminar Flow and N.S.Equations : Equation of Motion for Real Fluids, Stress-strain Relationships, Tangential Stress Terms, Introduction to Navier-Stokes Equations, Solution of N.S.equations for standard cases of Plane Two Dimensional and Axi-symmetric Flows; Plane Two dimensional Flows – Steady Flow between Parallel Plates – Couette and Poiseuille Flows; Axi-symmetric Flows – Laminar Flow through pipe, Hagen-Poiseuille Equation, Laminar Flow through annulus of concentric circular tubes; Stokes Law. B) Turbulent Flow & its Characteristics: Transition from Laminar to Turbulent Flow, Critical Reynolds Number, CharacteristicsPage 3 of Turbulent Flow, Mean and Fluctuating Components of Velocity, Quantitative Description of Turbulence, Statistical Nature of Turbulent Flow, Isotropic and Homogeneous Turbulence; Analysis of Turbulent Flows – Turbulence Modeling, Semi-empirical Theories, Boussinesq Eddy Viscosity Model, Prandtl Mixing Length Concept; Introduction to Continuity Equation and Reynolds Equations for Turbulent Flows, Reynolds stress Tensor Unit II – Boundary Layer Theory and Flow Past Submerged Bodies A) Boundary Layer Theory – Introduction, Characteristics of Laminar Boundary Layer, Boundary Layer Growth over a Flat Plate (without pressure gradient), Laminar and Turbulent Boundary Layers, Boundary Layer Thickness and its Characteristics, Displacement, Momentum and Energy Thickness; Karman Momentum Integral Equation; Viscous drag, Boundary Layer Separation, Mechanism of Separation, Control of Boundary Layer Separation, Hydro dynamically smooth and Rough Boundaries, Velocity of Distributions for Turbulent Flow in Pipes – velocity defect Law, von Karman’s Universal Law for Mean Velocity near Smooth and Rough Boundaries; Friction factor for Pipe Flows – dependence on Reynolds Number and Relative Roughness, Moody’s Diagrams, Simple Pipeline Design Problems. B) Flow Past Submerged Bodies: Drag and Lift – Deformation Drag, Friction Drag, Form Drag – Drag Coefficient; Distribution of Fluid Pressure on immersed bodies – Pressure Distribution for flow past a circular disk, sphere; Effects of eddy pattern in two dimensional flow – distribution of pressure for two dimensional flow past a cylinder, von Karman vortex trail – Variation of Drag Coefficient with Reynolds Number; Drag on Cylinder – Resistance diagram for bodies of revolution – Drag Coefficient of Practical Bodies; Lift & Propulsion – Effect of Circulation in Irrotational Flow, Generation of Lift around a cylinder – Magnus Effect, Computation of Lift Force; Lift on Airfoil – Lift Coefficient and its Variation with Angle of Attack, Joukowsky Profile, Polar Diagram, Stall, Induced Drag.Page 4 Unit III – Open Channel Flows – Uniform Flow and Flow in Open Channel transitions A) Uniform Flow : Introduction, Classification of Open Channels, Classification of Flow, Wide open Channel, Velocity Distribution in a channel Section, Measurement of Velocity, Pressure Distribution in a Channel Section, Effect of Slope on Pressure Distribution. Uniform Flow Computation – Conveyance, section, Effect of Slope on Pressure Distribution. Uniform Flow Computation – Conveyance, Section Modulus and Hydraulic Exponents; Basic Equations – Chezy’s Equation, Manning’s Equation, Determination of Normal Depth and Velocity, Design of Rigid Bed Channels – Best Hydraulic Section, Determination of most Economical Section Dimensions for Uniform Flow in Rectangular, Trapezoidal, Circular and Triangular Channels. B) Channel Transitions – Introduction, Definition of Specific Energy, Froude Number, Critical Flow – Computation of Critical depth, Conjugate or Alternate Depths – Sub-critical, Critical and super-critical Flows – Froude Number – Specific Energy Diagram, Relationship between Critical depth and Specific Energy for Rectangular, Trapezoidal Sections – Channel Transitions – Change of Depth in Rectangular Channels with change in Cross – section and Hump in the Bed; Control Sections. UNIT IV – Open Channel Flows - Non-Uniform Flow A) Steady Non-uniform Flow: Gradually Varied Flow : Derivation of Governing Equation – Mild, Steep, Critical, Horizontal and Adverse Slopes; Classification of G.V.F. Profiles – Backwater and Drawdown Curves, G.V.F. Profiles for Channels with Changing Slopes; Computation of G.V.F. Profiles – Direct Step and Standard Step Methods – Computation of G.V.F. Profiles in rectangular channels using Direct and Single Step methods ( Simple cases only); Rapidly Varied Flow: Hydraulic jump – Types of jump, Impulse Momentum Application to Hydraulic jump in horizontal rectangular Channels, Specific Force.Page 5 B ) Unsteady Flow: Unsteady gradually Varied Flow – Dynamic Equation for Unsteady flow, Monoclinical Rising Wave, Dynamic Equation for Uniformly Progressive Flow; Unsteady Rapidly Varied Flow – Uniformly Progressive Flow, Moving Hydraulic jump – Positive and Negative Surges. Unit V – Hydraulic Machinery A) Hydraulic Turbines: Function of Prime movers and Pumps, Hydraulic Turbines, Classification Based on Head, Discharge, Hydraulic Action – Impulse and Reaction Turbines, Differences between Impulse and reaction Turbines , choice of Type of Turbine – Specific Speed. Working and Design Principles of Impulse Turbines – Component parts & working Principles of a Pelton Turbine – Recapitulation of Work Done by series of vanes mounted on Wheel – Velocity triangles, Simplified Form of Velocity Triangles for a Pelton Turbine Bucket; Hydraulic and Overall Efficiency – Design Principles of Pelton Turbine; working and design Principles of Reaction Turbines – Component Parts & Working Principles of a Francis Turbine – design Principles of Francis Turbine – Arriving at Vane Angles – Governing Mechanism for Francis Turbine. Draft Tube Theory – Functions and Types of Draft Tubes in Reaction Turbines – Efficiency of Draft Tube. B) Pumps : Functions of a Pump – Types of Pumps – Selection Criterion – Rotodynamic and Positive displacement Pumps – Comparison between Centrifugal & Reciprocating Pumps. Centrifugal Pumps/Impellers based on Shape and Type of Casing – Pump with Volute Casing, Pump with Vortex Chamber & Pump with Guide vanes, Closed, Semi-closed & Open Impellers, Axial, Radial & Mixed Flow Impellers; Shape and Number of Vanes; Working Head and Number of Stages, Single & Double Suction. Pressure Change in a Pump, Manometric and Static Head – Velocity Vector Diagrams – Effect of Vane Shape. Work done – Pump Losses and efficiency – Pressure Rise in the Impeller – Minimum Starting Speed of pump – multi Stage Pumps; Pumps in Parallel and Series; Cavitation – maximum Suction Lift – NPSH and its importance in Selection of pumps, SimilarityPage 6 relations and Specific Speed – Performance Characteristics of Pumps; Reciprocating Pumps – Component Parts – Operation of Single Acting and Double Acting Reciprocating Pumps – Discharge Co-efficient, Volumetric Efficiency and Slip – Work done and power Input – Indicator Diagram, Effect of Acceleration and Friction on Indicator Diagram, Maximum Speed of Rotation of Crank. Air Vessels, Modified Indicator diagram in the presence of Air Vessels, Work Saved due to Presence of Air Vessel – Flow into and from Air Vessel. C) Performance characteristics of Hydraulic Machines: Unit Quantities – Specific Speed and its importance – Model Relationships; Performance characteristics of Turbines – Operating Characteristics – Iso-efficiency Curves. Similarity Relations and specific speed of pumps – performance characteristics of Centrifugal pump – Dimensionless characteristics – constant efficiency curves of Centrifugal Pumps. Textbooks: (1) Fluid Mechanics by A.K.Jain (2) Elementary Mechanics of Fluids by Huntur Rouse (3) Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machinery by P.N.Modi & S.M.Seth (4) Flow through open channels by K.Ranga Raju (5) Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering by D.S.Kumar Contact:Andhra University China Waltair Road, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 530003 0891 284 4000 |