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  #1  
June 27th, 2014, 05:26 PM
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Join Date: Mar 2012
Railway engineering exam Requirements

I want to know about required eligibilities to apply for Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) examination

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) for mechanical engineer posts in Indian Railways.

Educational Qualification
You Must have passed Intermediate or an equivalent examination with Mathematics ,Physics and Chemistry subjects from a board approved by the Government of India and you must obtained at least first or second division, in 12th grade with PCM ..

Age - limits:
17-21 years on 1st August of the year of examination

The selected candidates undergo a four-year rigorous training programme in Mechanical Engineering, Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Jamalpur.

Railway engineering exam Syllabus is as follows

Building Materials, Estimating, Costing and Valuation, Surveying, Soil Mechanics,
Hydraulics, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering .

. Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses
and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate based materials,
cement (Portland), asbestos products, timber and wood based products, laminates,
bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.

Estimating, Costing and Valuation : estimate, glossary of technical terms, analysis of
rates, methods and unit of measurement, Items of work - earthwork, Brick work (Modular
& Traditional bricks), RCC work, Shuttering, Timber work, Painting, Flooring, Plastering.
Boundary wall, Brick building, Water Tank, Septic tank, Bar bending schedule, Centre line
method, Mid-section formula, Trapezodial formula, Simpson's rule. Cost estimate of Septic
tank, flexible pavements, Tube well, isolates and combined footings, Steel Truss, Piles and
pile-caps. Valuation - Value and cost, scrap value, salvage value, assessed value, sinking
fund, depreciation and obsolescence, methods of valuation.
Surveying: Principles of surveying, measurement of distance, chain surveying, working of
prismatic compass, compass traversing, bearings, local attraction, plane table surveying,
theodolite traversing, adjustment of theodolite, Levelling, Definition of terms used in
levelling, contouring, curvature and refraction corrections, temporary and permanent
adjustments of dumpy level, methods of contouring, uses' of contour map, tachometric
survey, curve setting, earth work calculation, advanced surveying equipment.

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soil, phase diagram, Definitions-void ratio, porosity, degree of
saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains, unit weights, density index and
interrelationship of different parameters, Grain size distribution curves and their uses.
Index properties of soils, Atterberg's limits, ISI soil classification and plasticity chart.
Permeability of soil, coefficient of permeability, determination of coefficient of permeability,

Unconfined and confined aquifers, effective stress, quick sand, consolidation of soils,
Principles of consolidation, degree of consolidation, pre-consolidation pressure, normally
consolidated soil, e-Iog p curve, computation of ultimate settlement. Shear strength of
soils, direct shear test, Vane shear test, Triaxial test. Soil compaction, Laboratory
compaction test, Maximum dry density and optimum moisture content, earth pressure
theories, active and passive earth pressures, Bearing capacity of soils, plate load test,
standard penetration test.

Hydraulics: Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli's theorem and
its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps
and turbines.

Transportation Engineering : Highway Engineering - cross sectional elements,
geometric design, types of pavements, pavement materials - aggregates and bitumen,
different tests, Design of flexible and rigid pavements - Water Bound Macadam (WBM)
and Wet Mix Macadam (WMM), Gravel Road, Bituminous construction, Rigid pavement
joint, pavement maintenance, Highway drainage, Railway Engineering- Components of
permanent way - sleepers, ballast, fixtures and fastening, track geometry, points and
crossings, track junction, stations and yards. Traffic Engineering - Different traffic survey,
speed-flow-density and their interrelationships, intersections and interchanges, traffic
signals, traffic operation, traffic signs and markings, road safety.

Environmental Engineering : Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of
water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewer, oval
sewer, sewer appurtenances, sewage treatments. Surface water drainage. Solid waste
management - types, effects, engineered management system. Air pollution - pollutants,
causes, effects, control. Noise pollution - cause, health effects, control.

Structural Engineering:-
Theory of structures : Elasticity constants, types of beams - determinate and
indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever
and over hanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for rectangular & circular
sections, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections,
chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported
and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, Torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology : Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement
aggregates, importance of water quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix design,
storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality
control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather concreting, repair and maintenance of
concrete structures.

RCC Design : RCC beams-flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of
singly reinforced and double reinforced beams, cantilever beams. T-beams, lintels. One
way and two way slabs, isolated footings. Reinforced brick works, columns, staircases,
retaining wall, water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State and
Working Stress methods)
Steel Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams roof trusses plate
girders.

Syllabus for Junior Engineer (Electrical).
Basic concepts, Circuit law, Magnetic Circuit, AC Fundamentals, Measurement and
Measuring instruments, Electrical Machines, Fractional Kilowatt Motors and single phase
induction Motors, Synchronous Machines, Generation, Transmission and Distribution,
Estimation and Costing, Utilization and Electrical Energy, Basic Electronics.
Basic concepts : Concepts of resistance, inductance, capacitance, anti various factors
affecting them. Concepts of current, voltage, power, energy and their units.
Circuit law: Kirchhoff's law, Simple Circuit solution using network theorems.
Magnetic Circuit : Concepts of flux, mmf, reluctance, Different kinds of magnetic
materials, Magnetic calculations for conductors of different configuration e.g. straight,
circular, solenoidal, etc. Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual induction.

AC Fundamentals : Instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating
waves, Representation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and parallel AC Circuits
consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance, Tank Circuit. Poly Phase system - star and delta
connection, 3 phase power, DC and sinusoidal response of R-Land R-C circuit.

Measurement and measuring instruments : Measurement of power (1 phase and 3
phase, both active and re-active) and energy, 2 wattmeter method of 3 phase power
measurement. Measurement of frequency and phase angel. Ammeter and voltmeter (both
moving oil and moving iron type), extension of range wattmeter, Multimeters, Megger,
Energy meterAt: Bridges. Use of CRO, Signal Generator, CT, PT and their uses. Earth
Fault detection.

Electrical Machines: (a) D.C. Machine - Construction, Basic Principles of D.C. motors
and generators, their characteristics, speed control and starting of D.C. Motors. Method of
braking motor, Losses and efficiency of D.C. Machines. (b) 1 phase and 3 phase
transformers - Construction, Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation,
O.C. and S.C. Tests, Losses and efficiency. Effect of voltage, frequency and wave form on
losses. Parallel operation of 1 phase /3 phase transformers. Auto transformers. (c) 3 phase
induction motors, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torquespeed
characteristics, starting and speed control of 3 phase induction motors. Methods of
braking, effect of voltage and frequency variation on torque speed characteristics.

Fractional Kilowatt Motors and Single Phase Induction Motors: Characteristics and
applications.

Synchronous' Machines - Generation of 3-phase e.m.f. armature reaction, voltage
regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, control of active and
reactive power. Starting and applications of synchronous motors.
Generation, Transmission and Distribution - Different types of power stations, Load
factor, diversity factor, demand factor, cost of generation, inter-connection of power
stations. Power factor improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit
current for symmetrical faults. Switchgears - rating of circuit breakers, Principles of arc
extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. Fuses, Protection against earth leakage / over current, etc.
Buchholtz relay, Merz-Price system of protection of generators & transformers, protection
of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, various transmission and distribution system,
comparison of conductor materials, efficiency of different system. Cable - Different type of
cables, cable rating and derating factor.

Estimation and costing: Estimation of lighting scheme, electric installation of machines
and relevant IE rules. Earthing practices and IE Rules.
Utilization of Electrical Energy : Illumination, Electric heating, Electric welding,
Electroplating, Electric drives and motors.
Basic Electronics : Working of various electronic devices e.g. P N Junction diodes,
Transistors (NPN and PNP type), BJT and JFET. Simple circuits using these devices.

Last edited by Neelurk; June 20th, 2020 at 10:44 AM.
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  #2  
August 8th, 2021, 11:48 AM
Unregistered
Guest User
 
bitumen rates VG 30 and VG 10

please provide bitumen VG 30 and VG 10 rates oct 2020 and june 2021. My email bawa18ov@gmail.com


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